Indoor Pickleball Rules in the USA

Pickleball is a fast-growing sport in the United States, enjoyed by people of all ages. While it can be played both indoors and outdoors, indoor pickleball has gained immense popularity due to its year-round availability and controlled playing conditions. This article explores the rules and guidelines specific to indoor pickleball in the USA.

The Basics of Pickleball

Before diving into the indoor rules, it’s essential to understand the fundamentals of pickleball. It’s a paddle sport that combines elements of tennis, badminton, and table tennis. The game is typically played on a rectangular court, either indoors or outdoors, with a net in the middle. Two or four players use solid paddles to hit a perforated ball (similar to a wiffle ball) over the net. The objective is to score points by making your opponent(s) miss a shot.

Indoor Pickleball Court

An indoor pickleball court closely follows the official dimensions set by the USA Pickleball Association (USAPA). The court measures 20 feet in width and 44 feet in length. The net is hung at a height of 36 inches at the sidelines and 34 inches in the center. Courts have a non-volley zone, also known as the “kitchen,” extending 7 feet from the net on each side. This area is crucial in the indoor game, as certain restrictions apply to shots played within it.

Indoor vs. Outdoor Pickleball

The primary difference between indoor and outdoor pickleball is the playing surface. Indoor courts are usually made of wood or other smooth materials, offering a consistent and predictable bounce. In contrast, outdoor courts are often made of asphalt or concrete, which can affect the ball’s trajectory and require players to adapt their strategy.

Additionally, indoor pickleball can be played year-round, free from weather conditions such as wind or sunlight, which can affect outdoor games. This controlled environment provides a level playing field for participants.

Serving in Indoor Pickleball

Serving is a critical aspect of pickleball. In indoor games, the server must stand behind the baseline and serve diagonally to the opponent’s service box. The serve must clear the non-volley zone (kitchen) and land in the opposite service box. Unlike tennis, the serve in pickleball is an underhand shot. Players must keep both feet behind the baseline during the serve, and the ball must be struck below waist level. The serve should not touch the no-volley zone or any of the boundary lines.

Double Bounce Rule

Pickleball incorporates the “double bounce” rule, which means that each team must allow the ball to bounce once on each side (the serving side and the receiving side) before attempting to hit the ball out of the air. This rule promotes longer rallies and ensures a fair game.

The Non-Volley Zone

The non-volley zone, also known as the “kitchen,” plays a crucial role in indoor pickleball. It extends 7 feet from the net on both sides. Players are not allowed to volley (hit the ball in the air without it bouncing) while standing inside the kitchen, with a few exceptions. These exceptions include when the ball bounces in the kitchen, and the player is legally returning the ball. To avoid committing a fault, players must be cautious about their position on the court, especially during fast exchanges near the net.

Scoring in Indoor Pickleball

Indoor pickleball employs the rally scoring system. In this system, every point is an opportunity to score, whether the serving team wins or loses the rally. To win a game, a team must reach 11 points, but they must win by at least two points. If the game reaches 10-10, it continues until one team has a two-point advantage.

Faults and Let Calls

Pickleball is a game that emphasizes sportsmanship and fair play. Players are encouraged to call their own faults, but it’s common to rely on line judges or referees in official competitions.

Common faults in indoor pickleball include:

  1. Foot Faults: The server’s feet must remain behind the baseline during the serve.
  2. Volleying in the Kitchen: Players must avoid volleying while standing in the non-volley zone.
  3. Out of Bounds: The ball must land within the court’s boundaries.

Let calls are made in cases of unforeseen hindrances during play. If a let call is made, the point is replayed.


Pickleball paddles, also known as racquets, are typically made of lightweight materials like wood, composite, or graphite. The ball used in indoor games is specifically designed for the controlled environment. It features precision-drilled holes, ensuring a predictable flight path.

Strategies and Tips

Indoor pickleball strategies often revolve around controlling the net, effective use of dinking (soft shots over the net), and teamwork in doubles play. Players must be quick on their feet, as indoor pickleball can be a fast-paced game, with rallies lasting just a few shots.


Indoor pickleball in the USA adheres to a set of rules and guidelines that ensure a fair and enjoyable playing experience. The sport’s surge in popularity can be attributed to its accessibility, whether you’re playing for fun with friends or competing at a higher level in organized events. Understanding the rules of indoor pickleball is key to both enjoying the game and improving your skills, and it opens the door to a fantastic and engaging sport that continues to capture the hearts of many across the country.

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